Tell me what language you speak, and I’ll tell you how your brain connectivity works.

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig have found evidence that the language we speak shapes the connectivity in our brains, which may underlie our way of thinking. Using magnetic resonance imaging, they examined the brains of native German and Arabic speakers in depth and discovered differences in the wiring of language regions in the brain.

Arabic native speakers showed greater connectivity between the left and right hemispheres compared to native German speakers, and further investigations will explore whether this difference is due to the relatively complex semantic and phonological processing of Arabic. On the other hand, native German speakers exhibited stronger connectivity in the left hemisphere’s language network, likely due to the complex syntactic processing in German, characterized by free word order and greater dependency distance between sentence elements.


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